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Exodus: Saved and Set Apart

Date: January 11, 2019

Speaker: Pastor Jeramie Rinne

Series: Exodus: Saved and Set Apart

Category: Expository

Scripture: Exodus 20:1–20:11, Genesis 20:18–20:26

Tags: covenant, love, obedience, commandments

The following study guide is to be used to discuss the Friday, January 11, 2019 sermon. 

Study Guide - Exodus 20:1-11,18-26

Introduction - God saved Israel from serving Pharaoh in Egypt. But it wasn’t simply so that the Israelites could go free and do as they wished. God delivered the Israelites so that they could be his people and serve him. They were saved by the Lord (chapters 1-18) and set apart for the Lord (chapters 19-40).  In chapter 20 God meets with his redeemed people and gives them the famous 10 commandments. These laws describe what the new relationship will look like between God and Israel. As God’s new covenant people, we are reminded that God has saved us through Jesus Christ and called us to serve him by obeying his Word.

Note: The 10 commandments are often broken up into two “tables” or parts.  The first four commandments address Israel’s relationship with God, and the remaining six address the people’s relationships with one another.  We will look at the first table this week, and the second table next week.

READ Exodus 20:1-11,18-26

1.    What is the basis for God entering into a covenant with Israel? (20:2)

Gospel Connection: As Christians, we live under the new covenant in Christ. What is the basis for our new covenant relationship with God? (HINT: Matthew 26:26-29)

2.    What does the first commandment prohibit? (Exodus 26:3)

Application: Everyone worships something. We all have at least one thing, and usually many things, that we trust in most, love most and believe in most. We all have something that we cannot imagine living without. Even atheists and skeptics worship their own gods. What are the “gods” that compete with the Lord in your own heart and mind?

3. The first and second commandments are related, and yet they are distinct. What specifically does the second commandment prohibit? (Exodus 20:4-6, 22-23).

Application: Human beings have a natural tendency to make physical objects the focus of worship.  What implications might this commandment have for the corporate worship of God’s people today? (HINT: Read John 4:19-24)

4. What is prohibited by the third commandment? (Exodus 20:7)

Application: What specific ways do people dishonor God by the way they speak about him?

5. What was the purpose of the Sabbath commandment? (Exodus 20:8-11)

Application: Christians today set aside Sunday rather than Saturday for worship, due to the resurrection of Jesus (the “Lord’s Day).  However, Christians differ on how to practice the fourth commandment in relationship to Sunday worship. Some (often called Sabbatarians) believe that Christians are to rest from work and worldly pursuits on Sunday. Other Christians mark the Lord’s day by gathering at least weekly to worship with the church but don’t practice a full day of rest.

Can you think of arguments for why Christians might hold to one view or another?  Divide your life group into two groups and have each one brainstorm arguments for one position or the other. What do you think?